For many students, the path to earning a two- or four-year degree has never been more complicated or convoluted. They’re juggling academic and career considerations with financial realities. They’re managing more responsibilities on and off campus and they’re often leaning on overstretched resources for support. Put simply, they have a tough time making — and adapting — a plan that’s right for them.
Unfortunately, that means many students don’t graduate, or do so only after spending more time and money than intended. The numbers are staggering: nationwide, only 19 percent of four-year public university students and 5 percent of community college students graduate on time and on budget, according to data from Complete College America. And according to recent research from the Community College Research Center (CCRC), only about 60 percent of community college students can successfully transfer most credits when transferring to a four-year school, and 15 percent are able to transfer few credits.
Students and school advisors need help — and more effective solutions.
Schools like Portland State University (PSU) are centering student insights and analytics in their approach to improving student outcomes and graduation rates. PSU is building a degree planning solution from the ground up in partnership with BNED LoudCloud. The final product will help students understand their academic and financial options and chart a path to graduation. It also will help schools better serve students and leverage valuable, limited resources to improve retention and graduation rates.
UNDERSTANDING THE PROBLEM
Since 2012, the reTHINK PSU initiative has sought to improve student success and academic engagement through more efficient use of technology. The school has engaged more than 1,000 students and faculty in the process. “It was through the insights from the reTHINK initiative that the need for a graduation planning tool emerged,” explains Hans VanDerSchaaf, Director, Projects, Office of Student Success for PSU.
PSU knew that they needed a partner invested in the success of the initiative – and their students. In 2017, they chose BNED LoudCloud, a digital learning platform and analytics provider that helps colleges and universities deliver personalized learning and support to their students, driving positive student outcomes. They chose BNED LoudCloud, and the collaboration began in 2017. “BNED LoudCloud’s willingness to take this approach, and tackle the financial component, was a real differentiator,” VanDerSchaaf says.
Inspired by PSU’s design thinking approach, the teams built out a discovery process focused on user needs – not technology. “For the first nine weeks, we didn’t write a single line of code,” recalls Dominic Fried-Booth, Director of Product Development for BNED LoudCloud. “Instead, we understood the need to observe, listen, learn, sketch, test and refine — and that the time we invested in discovery would be key to the project’s outcome and success.”
The development team learned that students find it extremely challenging to put together a plan that ensures all degree requirements are met. In fact, during student-advisor meetings, just figuring out where students are on their current degree path absorbs most of their limited time. Topics such as alternative degree paths, career goals and financial planning are often short-changed. For students lacking financial literacy, it only increases the risk they will encounter difficulties that might prevent them from graduating.
CREATING THE SOLUTION
The CCRC findings highlight the importance of early advising and other kinds of support that focus on helping students choose a program of study and select academic courses needed to graduate. This is especially important for low-income or non-traditional students who may be the least able to afford the time or expense of taking unnecessary credits.
To counter those challenges, the degree-planning tool will allow students and advisors to compare different paths by program, credit pace, time to graduation and cost. Each plan will be tailored to the individual student and his or her lifestyle. The tool is being designed from the user point of view and will be integrated into the suite of PSU tools, and easy to access and navigate. Testing will begin soon, and deployment is estimated to begin in time for the next academic year.
The solution will not automate the graduation process. Instead, it will provide better direction and enable college advisors to be more effective in supporting students. “It will greatly alleviate the workload,” Fried-Booth predicts. “That means that the conversations students and advisors can have with each other will focus less on the mechanical side of creating a plan and more on the human side — understanding where they want to go and the individual path that will work best for them.”